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Research and Innovation performance Innovation Union progress at country level in the EU

Author: European Commission, DG Research
Date: June 2014

In an effort to better understand the driving forces in the major R&D-intensive countries and the reasons behind differences in the performance of various national R&I systems, in addition to the EU-28, country profiles of five non-EU countries were selected to complete the analysis. They reveal the various ‘bottlenecks’ and different types of ‘systems’ that have resulted in a diversified but marked R&I landscape.

First published in June 2011 as part of the Innovation Union Competitiveness Report, the country profiles provided a concise and comparative overview of R&I trends and developments in individual countries. The second edition, published in March 2013, together with the 2013 Innovation Union Scoreboard, and the State of the Innovation Union 2012 report, expanded on the content of the first edition, placing particular emphasis on thematic and sector-based analyses.

This year’s ‘Research and Innovation performance in the EU. Innovation Union progress at country level-2014’, which covers the whole R&I cycle, tackles both investments in R&I and reforms within the national science, technology and innovation systems. It highlights areas of scientific and technological strengths at the national level, presents developments linked to newly enacted R&I strategies, examines how the upgrading of manufacturing industries is progressing, and addresses the overall link between R&I and progress towards the goals set by the Europe 2020 strategy.

In addition, the 2014 analysis presents a number of novelties, among which is an analysis of the factors underlying each country’s performance, using the Commission’s new Innovation Output Indicator, and its focus on the science and technology specialisation patterns based on the thematic priorities of the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Innovation.

The performance of individual countries is benchmarked against both the EU average and a group of other European countries with similar knowledge and industrial structures. The benchmarking employs the same methodology as that used in 2011, to ensure comparability over time. The analysis presented in the report draws on the assessments carried out within the 2014 European Semester and reflected in the 2014 Country-specific recommendations and the supporting Commission Staff Working Documents assessing the National Reform Programmes.

The country profiles in this report do not constitute a policy statement by the Commission. They aim to provide an objective economic and indicator-based analysis carried out by the Commission services. In order to ensure cross-country learning and comparability, Eurostat and OECD data have been exploited, and have been complemented with data from some other sources where required.

Geography: EU

Type of study: Government, International organisation

Relevant for: LPs, GPs, Fund of funds, Associate

Source: European Commission, DG Research